"The military—the original source of the strategy concept—is the only field where there are specific and fairly generally agreed upon definitions of policy, strategy, and tactics. "
List of References
This list of references is in two parts. The first part, headed Bibliography, consists of the 85 references actually cited in Understanding Strategy, by Geoffrey P. Chamberlain. The second part, headed Research References, provides the 588 references the author used to research, then write, the book.
Bibliography
The following is a list of the references cited in Understanding Strategy (85 references).

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Allport, Gordon Willard and Vernon, Philip Ewart, 1930, Study of values, Houghton Mifflin, Boston.
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Andrews, Kenneth Richmond, 1971, The concept of corporate strategy, Dow Jones-Irwin, Homewood.
Andrews, Kenneth Richmond, 1980, 'Directors' responsibility for corporate strategy,' Harvard Business Review, vol. 58, no. 6, pp. 30-42.
Ansoff, H. Igor, 1965, Corporate strategy, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Ansoff, H. Igor, 1991, 'Critique of Henry Mintzberg's 'The Design School: Reconsidering the basic premises of strategic management',' Strategic Management Journal, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 449-461.
Barnard, Chester Irving, 1940, 'Comments on the job of the executive,' Harvard Business Review, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 295-308.
Barnett, Michael L., 2007, 'Stakeholder influence capacity and the variability of financial returns to corporate social responsibility,' Academy of Management Review, vol. 32, no. 3, pp. 794-816.
Bower, Joseph Lyon and Doz, Yves, 1979, 'Strategy formulation: A social and political process', Strategic management: A new view of business policy and planning, D. E. Schendel and C. W. Hofer, Little, Brown, Boston, pp. 152-166.
Bower, Joseph Lyon and Gilbert, Clark G., 2007, 'How managers' everyday decisions create or destroy your company's strategy,' Harvard Business Review, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 72-79.
Burrell, Gibson and Morgan, Gareth, 1979, Sociological paradigms and organisational analysis: Elements of the sociology of corporate life, Heinemann, London.
Busenitz, Lowell W. and Barney, Jay B., 1997, 'Differences between entrepreneurs and managers in large organizations: Biases and heuristics in strategic decision-making,' Journal of Business Venturing, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 9-30.
Buttner, E. Holly & Gryskiewicz, Nur, 1993, 'Entrepreneurs' problem-solving styles: An empirical study using the Kirton adaption/innovation theory,' Journal of Small Business Management, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 22-31.
Chamberlain, Geoffrey Paul, 2003, What has to come together before a strategy can? Identifying the conditions precedent for strategy formation in Australian companies, Unpublished DBA thesis, RMIT, Melbourne, pp. 449.
Chamberlain, Geoffrey Paul, 2006, 'Researching strategy formation process: An abductive methodology,' Quality and Quantity, vol. 40, no. 2, pp. 289-301.
Chan, David, 1996, 'Cognitive misfit of problem-solving style at work: A facet of person-organization fit,' Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, vol. 68, no. 3, pp. 194-207.
Chandler, Alfred Dupont, Jr., 1962, Strategy and structure: Chapters in the history of the industrial enterprise, MIT Press, Cambridge.
Christensen, C. Roland, Andrews, Kenneth Richmond and Bower, Joseph Lyon, 1973, Business policy: Text and cases, Richard D. Irwin, Homewood.
Christensen, C. Roland, Andrews, Kenneth Richmond, Bower, Joseph Lyon, Hamermesh, Richard G. and Porter, Michael Eugene, 1987, Business policy: Text and cases, Richard Irwin, Homewood.
Clapp, R. G., 1993, 'Stability of cognitive style in adults and some implications, a longitudinal study of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory,' Psychological Reports, vol. 73, pp. 1235-45.
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Gryskiewicz, Stanley S., 1982, 'Creative leadership development and the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory', Occupational Psychology Conference of the British Psychological Society, Brighton, UK
Hambrick, Donald C. and Mason, Phyllis A., 1982, 'The organization as a reflection of its top managers,' Academy of Management Proceedings, pp. 12-16.
Hillman, Amy J. and Hitt, Michael A., 1999, 'Corporate political strategy formulation: A model of approach, participation and strategy decisions,' Academy of Management Review, vol. 24, no. 4, pp. 825-842.
Hofer, Charles W. and Schendel, Dan E., 1978, Strategy formulation: Analytical concepts, West Publishing, Saint Paul.
Huff, Anne Sigismund and Reger, Rhonda Kay, 1987, 'A review of strategic process research,' Journal of Management, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 211-237.
Keller, Robert T. and Holland, Winford E., 1978, 'A cross-validation study of the Kirton Adaption Innovation Inventory in three research and development organizations,' Applied Psychological Measurement, vol. 2, pp. 563-570.
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Kirton, Michael J., 1976, 'Adaptors and innovators: A description and measure,' Journal of Applied Psychology, vol. 61, no. 5, pp. 622-629.
Kirton, Michael J., Ed. 1989, Adaptors and innovators: styles of creativity and problem solving, Routledge, London.
Kirton, Michael J., 2003, Adaption-Innovation: In the context of diversity and change, Routledge, Hove.
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Mintzberg, Henry, 1977, 'Strategy formulation as a historical process,' International Studies of Management & Organization, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 28-40.
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Research References
The following is a list of the references the author gathered to research, then write, Understanding Strategy. (588 references)

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